An ant kingdom is founded by only one female ant!?
A potential queen mates with a male and lands within 30 minutes of the time she leaves her home nest. Soon after the marriage flight, the potential queen's wings fall off or she pulls them off. Subsequently, she begins to search for a satisfactory nest site. Wings have now become useless.
By the way, do you know that the Camponotus japonicus ant kingdom is founded by a single female ant?
A potential queen ant of Camponotus japonicus species whose left wing has fallen off or been pulled off by herself: After her wings have been removed, the bulky wing muscles, which have now become useless, begin to degenerate and are slowly converted into salivary secretions. These salivary secretions will be supplied to her first brood of larvae as food. �@
On finding a suitable location for a nest, the potential queen ant begins to excavate in the earth, for example, under a stone with her mandibles. When she has dug a small burrow, she encloses herself within it, completely closing the opening, then she begins egg-laying at the pace of one egg per day.
After her eggs hatch into larvae, the queen ant rears the first brood of her larvae without eating any food. The queen feeds the first brood of larvae with a salivary secretion from her mouth. Not surprisingly, the larvae are inadequately fed, so that the young adult worker ants of this first brood
are usually small for their species.
From the next year, the queen can become a specialist in laying eggs, because the first workers care for her eggs, nurse her larvae, forage, and take care of most other necessities of the colony. In addition, the workers expand the first small burrow constructed by the young into an intricate network of chambers, or galleries, and connecting tunnels.
In this way, an ant kingdom is constructed by a specialist ant that lays eggs the queen ant) and many workers.
Crafty female ants
Female ants of the Formica sanguinea and Lasius flavus species do not establish their nests by themselves. After mating, a newly fertilized potential queen ant of these species works her way into a nest of another species or, in some cases, of her own species. The intruding queen ant may associate with the foreign species of ant and kill the host queen to become the new queen of the nest.
Such intrusion produces a mixed colony containing workers of both a relatively small number of intruder ants and a relatively large number of host ants. However, as the host workers die, they are not replaced as their queen is dead, and eventually the colony consists entirely of ants of the intruder species.